People get cold very often these days and as it does not have a cure, people use various medicines for proper treatment and feel relieved. These medicinal drugs do not eliminate the virus itself but diminish the effects it causes. It brings ease to the patient’s health. Common cold symptoms are coughing, sneezing, and stuffiness of the nose.
Following are the remedies and medicines that help during cold:
Nasal decongestants work by unblocking a clogged or congested nose so that air can travel through the nose to the lungs with ease. This is done by narrowing the vessel of blood present in the lining of the nose which in turn shrinks the swollen tissues and promotes the decline in mucous production.
Pills, nasal sprays, and liquid drops are the present form of nasal decongestants which are prescribed to patients above 3 years old.
Coughing is a reflex that is triggered due to the presence of unwanted microbes, mucous, and air. However, the unusual urge to cough causes problems. Cough suppressants reduce the person’s coughing issue for a short period and are recommended by doctors to be taken at night right before bedtime. Their mode of action is blocking nerve impulses that are responsible for the cough reflex.
Histamine is a material that is released by our bodies when we are directly or indirectly in contact with allergens. The symptoms are an itchy nose and ears, sneezing, and coughing eyes. Antihistamines are medicinal drugs used to block the release of histamine.
Pain relievers are medicinal drugs that reduce different types of discomfort and pain caused by cold. It relieves symptoms like headaches, sore throat, facial pain, and muscle aches.
When a person buys medications, they must read the label carefully and should not take more than what is required as prescribed. Treating the issues will not cure a cold but it will bring relief to your health and bring ease to your comfort.